A revision in fall of 1943 of the respective duties of both the civilian and military crews were agreed by The Surgeon General and the Chief of Transportation, and the Table of Organization for the Hospital Ship Companies was consequently revised. Non-transportable patients were sent to the holding units of the 28th Field and 46th Field Hospitals in Southampton. Voyage assignments were made by the Chief of Transportation in accordance with reports and lists of patients awaiting evacuation, and estimates of casualties likely to result from impending military operations. An updated version of T/O & E 8-537 followed 3 March 1945. Once aboard the Hospital Carrier, litter cases had to be manhandled from top deck down ladders and narrow passages and transferred from stretchers to bunks, not an easy operation. Commissioned 20 Jun 45 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-17 ‘USS Sanctuary’, ex-Marine Owl, C 4-S-B2 freighter hull completed as a Hospital Ship in 1944 – 17 ½ knots – 796 patients – Norfolk > Pacific 31 Jul 45 (decommissioned 15 Aug 46, recommissioned 15 Nov 66 for service in Vietnam, decommissioned 15 Dec 71, recommisioned 18 Nov 72, and finally decommissioned 26 Mar 75). After the war had ended in Europe, a number of Hospital Ships were transferred to the Pacific for further service. The Hospital Ships ordered by the Army (officially designated: US Army Hospital Ship > USAHS), and allowed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff only became available end 1943; they were Army-controlled, but Navy-built, commanded, and operated and were all earmarked for service in the different Theaters (only the medical staff was Army personnel)! Commissioned 7 Aug 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-8 ‘USS Mercy’, ex-C 1-B freighter hull, built 1943 – 15 knots – 400 patients – San Pedro > Southwest Pacific 31 Aug 44 – 214th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 17 May 46, reactivated as Hospital Ship and transferred to US Army 20 Jun 46, struck from Naval Register 25 Sep 46) USAHS Frances Y. Slanger, at Brooklyn Shipyards, ZI, where the former transport vessel was converted, early Jun 45. The other names of World War Two hospital ships included Hospital Ship Tarai, Hospital Carrier Leinster, Hospital Carrier St David, HS Llandovery Castle, HS Aba, HMHS Amarapoora, HS Vita, HS Oxfordshire, HS Ophir, Hospital Ship Telemba, HS Amsterdam, Hospital Carrier St Julian, Hospital Carrier Perak, Hospital Carrier Dinard, HS Dorsetshire, HS Empire Clyde, HS Vasna, Hospital Ship the Isle of Jersey, Hospital … Commissioned 27 Nov 42 – US Navy Evacuation Transport APH-2 ‘USS Pinkney’, ex-Alcoa Corsair, C 2-S1-A1 hull built in 1941 – 18 knots – San Francisco > Pacific 8 Dec 42 (decommissioned 9 Sep 46) As stated before, the problem was that in mid-1942, Hospital Ships simply did not exist! Operations began soon after D-Day, with the carriers shuttling between Southampton and the Normandy beachheads. They were more comfortable for patients than the LSTs, although they lacked easy boarding facilities (no ramps). This image was created and shared by: Jenny Turner, The image is free to reuse for non-commercial purposes under the IWM Non Commercial Licence. dutch hospital ship 11,000 PoW, 800 internees (arr Colombo 20 Sep) 22: Ordura: 9 Oct 1945: 21: Indrapoera: 8 Oct 1945 (may not have had any PoWs) 20: Corfu: probably from Siam or Singapore: Southampton 7 Oct 1945: 1,534 ex-prisoners 1st ship back to UK via Colombo (19 Sep) 19: Largs Bay: Singapore 22 Sep 1945 via Darwin 30 Sep: Brisbane 7 Oct 1945: 993 PoW via Darwin 16 Canadian General Hospital (narrative) No. Picture illustrating AHS Maetsuycker (converted Dutch-built liner, operating under Dutch Flag, but registered as an Australian Hospital Ship), which operated in the Southwest Pacific Area. At daybreak, German bombers finally made their appearance and began to bomb the British ships involved in … Hospital Ships were manned by civilian crews, employed by the Army Transportation Service, and received a contingent of medical staff provided by the Army’s Medical Department. 11 Dec 44 – WDGO 19 dated 24 Mar 45, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Ernestine Koranda’, ex-Dorothy Luckenbach, built 1919 (former cargo ship) – 12 knots – 722 patients – New York > United Kingdom 13 Apr 45 – named after Army Nurse (decommissioned 9 Oct 46) PBS (Peninsular Base Section) 883d Medical Collecting Company Ambulances bring in their patients for evacuation by Hospital Ship, from Leghorn to Naples. In comparison to a Company, Separate Hospital Ship Platoons were later introduced with a much lower medical capacity and strength. Army hospital ships in World War II. Hospital Ships could also carry medical supplies and personnel outbound from the United States, without violating international conventions. 15 Canadian General Hospital (narrative) No. 29 Nov 43 – WDGO 5 dated 8 Jan 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Château Thierry’, built 1920 (former troopship) – 16 knots – 484 patients – Boston > N. Africa 5 Mar 44 – 208th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 11 Feb 46) Since the Army had not made adequate plans for wartime evacuation of sick and wounded, early measures to provide Hospital facilities afloat were taken with hesitation; of course it was difficult to forecast requirements, but opinions regarding the extent of their use, their operation, and their number, varied enormously. AH-13 Benevolence, 800-bed floating Hospital operated by the Navy (sister ship of the AH-12 Haven) in the Pacific Theater. by Larson, Harold cre. Thousands of wounded veterans were treated in the handful of hospital ships that were anchored off of Korea ’s shores during the war years. Hospital Carrier “Dinard”: Precious time had however been lost, and as refitting and commissioning went slow (it took 4 months to receive authorization to partially convert a single ship), the first US Army Hospital Ship only reached British waters a short time before the Normandy Invasion. For D-Day, June 1944, Navy shore parties loaded casualties onto LSTs and other vessels for evacuation to England. Studies and numerous discussions with Army and Navy representatives took place, doctrines and policies differed a lot. Another change was the beginning of air evacuation on D+7 which greatly reduced the need for Hospital Ships! It was decommissioned by WDGO No. Most of these hospital ships were requisitioned and setup for their new task, some sunk during the war. The money that the RN get for these vessels could then be reinvested towards two-three LHDs. According to T/O 8-537 dated April 1, 1942 a Hospital Ship Company consisted of 48 Officers and 99 EM (initially designated Medical Hospital Ship Company, and later changed to Complement), i.e. Local Commanders of the different Service Commands, staffed and operated the Hospital Cars and Ambulances, used for removal of patients from ports of entry and transportation to the ZI Hospitals. She reached San Francisco 8 June 1945 where she docked for a number of months to allow for repairs. The ship was a genuine ‘floating’ Hospital. List of hospital ships sunk in World War II. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), it continuously sailed the Mississippi River treating almost 3,000 patients from both sides. The Francis Y. Slanger had a bed capacity of 1,628 patients and a speed of 19 knots, it left New York P/E on 30 Jun 45 with destination the United Kingdom. At the end of June 1945, 332 Medical Hospital Ship Platoons were in service –ed). It must be noted that the first 3 US Navy-operated Hospital Ships ONLY served in the Pacific, and none of these was ever engaged in Europe! At the beginning of WW2 and during the gradual build-up of United States Forces in the British Isles, transatlantic evacuation from the United Kingdom back to the ZI was still an unresolved issue. After 5 long trips which took her from New York to Southampton and Cherbourg, the ship was taken out of service and decommissioned on 7 Jan 46. Cross-Channel evacuation looked impossible to improve, and sea evacuation to the United States was reaching its maximum capacity. After discussions, meetings, and lobbying from both services (Army and Navy) and based on an analysis of the various military operations, the Chiefs of Staff reviewed their initial decision and now authorized the Army to develop its own fleet of 24 Hospital Ships, with a total capacity of approximately 17,000 patients (most of them were converted from either passenger or cargo vessels, or from freighters or Liberty ships, and some even from troopships). Read more: https://www.med-dept.com/articles/ww2-hospital-ships/. Between August 1942 and December 1943, the European Theater sent 7,800 patients to the United States by sea. Since no American Hospital Ships were available to SHAEF for evacuation operations in the European Theater, Great Britain provided the necessary assistance during the D-Day landings. Crew and medical personnel are on deck, prior to their trip to the Pacific Theater via Australia on 21 June 1944. The US Navy operated its first Hospital Ship during the years of the Tripolitan War (1801-1805). 12, it was active at Omaha Beach from 7 June, and sailed for Southampton on 8 June with 150 patients) 8 May 43 – WDGO 27 dated 3 Jun 43, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Seminole’, built 1925 (former East coast passenger ship) – 14 knots – 454 patients – New York > N. Africa 20 Sep 43 (decommissioned 7 Jan 46) The USS Refuge departed for Southern France in August and together with Army Hospital Ships shuttled patients from St. Tropez Bay to Naples, Italy. In January 1945, Lt. No. Making it law that 0.7% of GDP must be spent on overseas aid was a manifesto promise of all three main political parties in 2010. this line of trees is dedicated to/ the following hospital ships and carriers sunk by enemy action/ in world war two/ and the merchant navy, ramc and qaimns personnel, / and their patients who were lost with them/ and in other such vessels as a result of enemy attack/ [the following arranged in columns] 'maid of kent' bombed 21 may 1940 dieppe harbour/ 'brighton' bombed 24 may 1940 dieppe quay/ 'paris' … Centaur was a motorship of British … Personnel often received on-the-job training and/or temporarily assisted Army medical units prior to a more definite assignment. The Solace later participated in the following Pacific campaigns: Gilbert and Marshall Islands, the Marianas, the Western Caroline Islands, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. Regardless of the number of Hospital Ships in service, it is important to note that the greater part of patients evacuated by water to the ZI was moved by Troop Transports, i.e. A Medical Hospital Ship Platoon (Separate) as per T/O 8-534 dated 21 December 1942 only consisted of 5 Officers – 10 Nurses – and 40 Enlisted Men. It was briefly put into operation for a transatlantic crossing to Algeria (North Africa) course of April 1944, and made two more trips to Europe, traveling to Belfast and Liverpool in June and July 1944. As more fixed hospital beds became available with the fall of Marseille and Toulon, evacuation out of France became less necessary. Her career was however not over, she was re-converted to a transport ship reverting to her old name ‘USAT Saturnia’ and was used to bring back troops and war brides from Europe to the United States. This was far less than in WW1, but by that time, progresses has been made in the military mobile medical units and field hospital were better equipped. 13 Feb 45 – WDGO 23 dated 3 Apr 45, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Aleda E. Lutz’, ex-Colombie, built 1931 (former transoceanic passenger ship) – 16 knots – 778 patients – New York > United Kingdom 18 Apr 45 – named after Army Nurse (decommissioned 6 Apr 46) List of hospital ships sunk in World War II From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hospital … They represented a total accommodation for 16,755 hospital patients. converted ferries and coastal steamers, painted white and bearing Red Crosses (for Geneva Convention protection) which shuttled between Southampton and Utah or Omaha Beaches – they were the ‘Dinard’ (patient capacity 208), the ‘Naushon’ (patient capacity 300), the ‘Lady Connaught’ (patient capacity 341), and the ‘Prague’ (patient capacity 422). The US Army converted a passenger line into a kind of floating Ambulance, named ‘Relief’, and used it for a short period during the Spanish-American War (20 April-12 August 1898). The request was refused by the Bureau of the Budget, on grounds that the Maritime Commission should procure the vessels from its own funds, and stating that such ships came under the cognizance of the Navy (there was also a critical shipping shortage after the Pearl Harbor attack and other priorities)! USAHS St. Olaf, at berth, somwhere in Britain. The 56th Station Hospital, the largest hospital in ABS, located in Casablanca, French Morocco, established and opened a special PW enclosure (between 4-14 May 1943 –ed) at Berrichid (approximately 19 miles from Casablanca) to receive and treat huge numbers of German and Italian PWs, mostly captured after the fighting ended in Tunisia (some 20,000 to 28,000 men –ed). During WW2, Hospital Ships were again to play a major role in the evacuation of patients from overseas Theaters of Operations. Interior view of the surgical ward of the USAHS Shamrock. Some of the Medical Hospital Ship Platoons not only served aboard Hospital Ships, but were also involved with providing medical support on board Army and Navy Troopships. Commissioned 24 Feb 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-11 ‘USS Refuge’, ex-Kenmore, built 1921 (former passenger ship) – 11 ½ knots – 626 patients – Hampton Roads > Pacific 1 Dec 42 (decommissioned 2 Apr 46) The list below identifies newly-built Army Hospital Ships and/or converted vessels. Until the arrival of trained medical supply personnel late in December 1942, supplies for the Western Task Force were handled by division medical supply officers and by personnel of a hospital ship platoon. The ship, with a capacity for 586 patients, and a speed of 11 knots, left New York P/E on 12 Aug 44 with destination the United Kingdom. 19 Sep 44 – WDGO 2 dated 5 Jan 45, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Louis A. Milne’, ex-Lewis Luckenbach, built 1919 (former cargo ship) – 12 knots – 952 patients – Boston > United Kingdom 19 Mar 45 – 200th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 22 Aug 46) Evacuation from the Anzio Beachhead took place by LST to offshore British and American Hospital Ships and Carriers too. In spring of 1943, The Surgeon General again requested Hospital Ships for evacuation purposes (not to be used as floating hospitals, like the Navy did), and after thorough deliberation, this resulted in a decision to convert two smaller Troopships, the ‘USS Acadia’ (first used as an “Ambulance” Ship in December 1942) and the ‘USS Seminole’ to Hospital Ships, and to register them under the Geneva Convention. 13 Feb 45 – WDGO 62 dated 26 Jul 45, US Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS Republic‘, built 1907 (former transoceanic passenger ship) – 12 knots – 1,242 patients – New Orleans > Southwest Pacific 4 Sep 45 – 234th Med Hosp Ship Co – taken over from the Navy for conversion into a Hospital Ship, the vessel never completed a single trip as a Hospital Ship (decommissioned 11 Feb 46, while en route to Manila, GC markings were painted out, and the “Republic” again became a troopship). View of British Hospital Carrier “Prague”, during one of its cross-Channel evacuation runs. It was designated Hospital Ship on 24 Feb 44 by the War Department and officially announced by General Order No. Evacuation numbers were now rapidly increasing; 24,666 patients crossed the Atlantic by plane and ship in January 1945, another 29,743 went in February 1945, and 30,410 returned in March 1945 … the ETO Hospitalization and Evacuation crisis was now over; lighter battle casualties and the opening of extra continental General Hospitals produced a steadily growing of bed capacity … but though the crisis had been overcome, the last offensive against Germany would entail more problems, as medical groups became unable to assume their responsibilities – by the end of April 1945, the First United States Army controlled 216 German Military Hospitals, 4 German PW Camps, 22 DP Centers, and 3 RAMP Hospitals; it not only had to deal with combat forces, but also to care for prisoners of war and non-combatants, and arrange for their evacuation. This means you may reuse it for non-commercial purposes only and must attribute it to us using the following statement: For queries, please contact memorials@iwm.org.uk. Personnel – 5 officers, 5 Nurses, 49 Enlisted Men Find out how to, More about listing and the protection of historic places can be found on the, Condition: Good [last updated on 30-09-2018]. Medical personnel and part of the crew were on board and helped treat casualties during the attack. The ship was in Pearl Harbor during the Japanese attack on 7 December 1941, but remained unharmed. AH-10 Samaritan, converted troopship, 394-patients Hospital Ship operated by the Navy. There was an Army-Navy dispute over how many Hospital Ships should be obtained, and which service should build and operate them. There are various types of naval logs, all discussed in sections 4 to 8. After May 1945 (V-E Day), patients tagged for quick return home were transported to the 1st General Hospital at Paris, airlifted to the Embarkation Hospitals at Cherbourg and Marseille for return to the United States by sea. Between November 1918 and March 1919, three US Navy-operated and staffed Hospital Ships, ‘USS Comfort’ (AH-3) – ‘USS Mercy’ (AH-4) – ‘USS Solace’ (AH-2) evacuated patients from Europe to the United States (the Navy was indeed responsible for carrying all wounded, sick, and injured AEF personnel from France to the United States – in WW2, the Army decided it was her responsibility, and she wanted to arrange evacuation with her own ships -ed). The Hospital Ship unit was subdivided into a Headquarters, a group of Administrative Sections (Registrar-Supply-Chaplain-Chief Nurse-Laundry-Mess), and another group of Professional Sections (Surgical-Medical-Laboratory-Pharmacy-X-Ray-Dental-Receiving & Disposition). nominate this memorial for inclusion on the National Heritage List for England, Help update these details if the condition is wrong, This memorial is not currently listed. View of berth 64 at Leghorn, Italy. This particular Hospital Ship operated in North Africa (1943) and Southern France (1944). This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). The act was passed in 2015 and means that the DFID budget amounted to £14 billion last year. These units provided medical care for patients being evacuated on regular cargo or transport ships on their return trip to their Port of Embarkation/Debarkation, and were in fact supplementary to the permanently assigned medical personnel on board of the transport vessel. The British Navy during WW2 operated 41 Hospital ships. In addition to this, the Navy, which initially did not plan to operate Hospital Ships under the Geneva Convention, had 15 Hospital Ships at the Army, World War, 1939-1945, USAHS St Olaf, USAHS Larkspur, USAHS Acadia, Military Medicine, World War II, Hospital ships -- United States, World War, 1939-1945 -- … It was officially designated a US Army Hospital Ship by WDGO No. The Officer made his last trip on the USAHS “Acadia” before resuming his duties as CO of the 233d Medical Hospital Ship Complement, some time around May-June 1945. Inter-service misunderstandings and rivalry, as well as incomplete specifications, and endless discussions, not only delayed the project, moreover it was even given a low priority! Prescriptions, balance, mortar and pestle, graduates, pharmacy, centrifuge, microscope, incubator, refrigerator, dental equipment, laboratory equipment, typewriters, safes, tables, chairs, washing machines, laundry equipment, medical library, drugs, dressings, linen, pajamas, food trays, hot plates, ward cases, bed cradles, medicine cabinets, were all available, except motor vehicles. Continued deliberations, additional requirements, lack of decisions, took their toll, and not much happened. As a result of these problems, the Joint Chiefs of Staff decided to procure only 3 Army Hospital Ships (General Dwight D. Eisenhower initially had requested 5 ships by April 43). Commissioned 26 May 45 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-16 ‘USS Repose’, ex-C 4-S-B2 freighter hull completed as a Hospital Ship in 1944 – 18 ½ knots – 800 patients – Norfolk > Pacific 8 Jul 45 (decommissioned 19 Jan 50, recommisioned 26 Aug 50 for service in Korea, decommissioned 21 Dec 54, recommissioned 16 Oct 65 for service in Vietnam, and finally decommissioned 15 Aug 70) List of hospitals and hospital ships of the Royal Navy Early modern era. Hence the Theater policy would consider sending non-ambulatory cases on plainly marked and regularly operated Hospital Ships only. After its WW2 assignment the vessel participated in Operation ‘Crossroads’. Covered ramp to waiting Hospital Ship. Personnel – 5 Officers, 5 Nurses, 49 Enlisted Men (this vessel had ANC Nurses on board, assigned to Hospital Train No. Later, a separate Table of Organization was introduced to cover the Medical Ambulance Ship Company. 41 dated 23 May 45. Then again two to three hospital ships built in the UK would be good for the ship building industry and a good use of the international aid budget while promoting UK soft power. The ships were mainly employed in evacuating patients to the United States from North Africa, the Mediterranean Theater, the United Kingdom, continental Europe, the Southwest Pacific and the Western Pacific. 23 Feb 44 – WDGO 40 dated 17 May 44, us Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS Wisteria‘, ex-William Osler, built 1943 (former Liberty ship) – 11 knots – 588 patients – New York > United Kingdom 16 Jul 44 – 219th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 22 Jul 46) Covering all major warship classes of the Second World War mainly looking at their intended pre-war role and what missions they actually performed. They offered maximum safety, comfort, and medical care, and moreover they were protected by the Geneva Convention! Regulations were changed in many respects, but finally basic responsibilities were set up: Army Hospitalization and Evacuation were under the general direction of the Commanding General, Army Service Forces (ASF), while The Surgeon General was directly responsible for coordination and completion of evacuation plans and control of bed capacity in ZI General Hospitals, and for making available medical personnel, equipment and supplies for the care of patients, and the Chief of Transportation was responsible for providing adequate shipping (and rail) facilities, scheduling and operating the ships, debarking of patients at US ports, and transfer of patients to either Hospital Trains or Ambulances. The first date reflects the WD designation as a Hospital Ship, followed by the WDGO and date, the name of the vessel, the year built, the speed, the patient capacity, the port of departure, the destination, and finally the date of embarkation. The SS Sagaing was a British passenger and cargo ship that sank off the coast of Sri Lanka in 1942. In total 29 Hospital Ships had been authorized for the Army during WW2, but only 24 were in service when the war ended. Except for 560 patients taken out on assault transports (APAs), the other casualties evacuated by sea traveled on either LSTs or British Hospital Carriers. In North Africa, only British Hospital Ships were involved at first, as no American Hospital Ships were yet available, and transfer from shore to ship, was handled with help of LSTs. 16 Canadian General Hospital; Hospital ships. The 24 US Army-operated Hospital Ships made their first journey to the transatlantic Theaters in 1943, later, some were transferred to the Pacific, while others were decommissioned, no longer being needed for evacuation of patients from the European Theater. Of Marseille and Toulon, evacuation out of France became less necessary 1943 for the construction 6... 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