STUDY. Gravity. Start studying US History - Cold War & 1950s. Both countries had atomic and then thermonuclear weapons, and aircraft that could deliver these bombs to distant targets. It was founded in 1945 at the signing of the United Nations Charter by 50 countries, replacing the League of Nations, founded in 1919. term coined by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe an imaginary line dividing Communist countries in the Soviet bloc from countries in Western Europe during the Cold War. This doctrine was first asserted by President Truman in 1947. SIG: led to the 1950's containment policy that led to international interventions such as the Berlin Airlift and the Korean War. a federal program of health insurance for persons 65 years of age and older, a federal and state assistance program that pays for health care services for people who cannot afford them, the rights of people to be treated without unreasonable or unconstitutional differences. Start studying (8.1) The Cold War - AP US History. Group of 10 actors and producers who were blacklisted for being communists although most were innocent, US senator; claimed that their were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US senate. satellite states : A political term for a country that is formally independent, but under heavy political and economic influence or control by another country. Introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall in 1947, he proposed massive and systematic American economic aid to Europe to revitalize the European economies after WWII and help prevent the spread of Communism. Formed in 1938 to investigate Communist activities in the US. Truman ordered the development of it to outpace the Soviets. The origins of the Cold War can be traced to the late 1910's when America experienced the Red Scare. Flashcards. About after 10 months USSR gave up and ending the blockade. Suspicion and apprehension of the Soviet Union remained constant throughout the twenties and thirties intensifying with Josef Stalin's brutal regime. (got blacklisted), Was a U.S. State Department official involved in the establishment of the United Nations. Winston Churchill's term for the Cold War division between the Soviet-dominated East and the U.S.-dominated West. Commander of U.S. (later Allied) forces in the southwestern Pacific during World War II, he accepted Japan's surrender in 1945 and administered the ensuing Allied occupation. Choose from 500 different sets of cold war us history flashcards on Quizlet. Losing china was a series of arguments about which political group was responsible for China's change into a communist country during 1949. an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. Confessed to spying for the Soviet Union during the 1930's. The Soviet Union and its affiliated Communist nations in Eastern Europe founded a rival alliance, the Warsaw Pact, in 1955. These conditions allowed for better education and job opportunities, encouraging high rates of both marriage and fertility. The Cold War was to last almost to the fall of the Iron Curtain and the death of the Soviet Union. Decisive battle in the Korean War. A cohort of individuals born in the United States between 1946 and 1964, which was just after World War II in a time of relative peace and prosperity. The first phase of the Cold War began in the first two years after the end of the Second World War in 1945. The red scare and McCarthyism changed the face of politics in America. Containment American policy of resisting further … An international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. To ensure the best experience, please update your browser. The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another. This meant the Soviet Union had a missile powerful enough to reach the US. US History Cold War. Common name for the Cold War strategy of containment versus the Soviet Union and the expansion of communism. A line of latitude separating what is now North and South Korea, decided upon after the war ended in 1945, with the northern Soviet troops surrendering to the Allies, and the Soviets accepting the Japanese and American surrender as well. appointed to inverstigate President Kennedy's assassination. He was in charge of UN forces in Korea 1950-51, before being forced to relinquish command by President Truman. 1946, Theory that stated that due to Stalin's opposition of the west, the Soviet Union must be contained to prevent the spread of communism. The Cold War was an ongoing political rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies that developed after World War II.This hostility between the two superpowers was first given its name by George Orwell in an article published in 1945. Also provided for loans for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses. The U.S. blockaded Cuba until the U.S.S.R. agreed to dismantle the missile silos. The Cold War was a period of tension between the United States and Soviet Union. North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries. In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. A fortified wall surrounding West Berlin, Germany, built in 1961 to prevent East German citizens from traveling to the West. The United Nations, led by the United States, helped South Korea. Terms in this set (33) Cold War. The Soviet Union was secretly building nuclear missile launch sites in Cuba, which could have been used for a sneak-attack on the U.S. Was a director of talks in 1935 and then Director of European operations in 1938. Match. Oh no! The world's first space satellite. The Cold War was a geopolitical chess match between the United States, the Soviet Union, and both parties’ allies in which the major power players sought to project their respective ideologies across the globe in the wake of colonialism’s collapse following World War Two. Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations (primarily the United States) allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea. 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